Tálio (Tl)

Propriedades Gerais

Símbolo Tl
Número atômico 81
Peso atómico 204.3833
Grupo
13 (família do boro)
IIIB (IUPAC), IIIA (CAS)
Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Metal, Stable, Natural, Poor Metal
Período 6
Bloquear p

Propriedades físicas

Densidade 11.9 g/cm3
Volume atómico 17.2 cm3/mole
Raio atômico 1.71 angstroms
Raio covalente 171 pm
Crust Abundance 0.000053%
Crystal Structure Hexagonal
Color Silver

Energia

Eletronegatividade 1.6 (Escala de Pauling)
Eletroafinidade 19.2 kJ/mol
1ª energia de ionização 589 kJ/mol
2º Ionization Energy 1971 kJ/mol
3º Ionization Energy 2878 kJ/mol
Capacidade térmica específica 0.129 J g−1 K−1
Condutividade térmica 46.1 W·m−1·K−1

Elétrons e Oxidação

Estado de Oxidação +1,3
Elétrons por camada 2 8 18 32 18 3
Configuração eletrônica [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1
Diagrama de Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4f
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5s
↿⇂
5p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6s
↿⇂
6p
↿ 
 
 
6d
 
 
 
 
 
6f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioativo Não

Média

Modelo Planetário de Bohr  Tálio (Tl)
Diagrama de estrutura de Lewis Tálio (Tl)
Description
Soft gray metal that looks like lead.
Uses
Its compounds are used in rat and ant poisons. Also for detecting infrared radiation.
Sources
Found in iron pyrites. Also in crookesite, hutchinsonite and lorandite. Most is recovered from the byproducts of lead and zinc refining.
Pronounciation (English)
THAL-i-em

Traduções

Afrikaans Tallium
Aragonese Talio
العربية ثاليوم
Armãneashte Taliumu
asturianu Taliu
azərbaycan dili Tallium
български Таллий
বাংলা থ্যালিয়াম
brezhoneg Taliom
bosanski Talij[um]
Byelorussian Талій
Cebuano Talyo
čeština Thallium
Chuvash Талли
Cymraeg Tal·li
dansk Thallium
Deutsch Thallium
Ελληνικά Θαλλιο
English Thallium
esperanto Talio
español Talio
eesti Tallium
euskara Talioa
فارسی تالیم
suomi Tallium
føroyskt Thallium
français Thallium
furlan Tali
West-Frysk Thallium
Gaeilge Tailliam
Gàidhlig Tailliam
galego Talio
ગુજરાતી થૅલિયમનો
Gaelg Thallium
Hakka Chinese Thò (鉈)
עברית תליום
हिन्दी थैलियम
hrvatski Talij
magyar Tallium
հայերեն Թալիում
Indonesia Tallium
íslenska Þallín
italiano Tallio
日本語 タリウム
ქართული თალიუმი
کٲشُر Tôl
қазақ тілі Таллий
한국어 탈륨
Kurdish Talyûm
Komi Таллий
kernewek Thalyum
кыргызча Таллий
Latin Thallium
Lëtzebuergesch Thallium
Lombard Tàli
lingála Talu
lietuvių Talis
latviešu Tallijs
Mari Таллий
Maori Thallium
македонски Талиум
മലയാളം താലിയം
монгол Талли
Мокшан Тали
Bahasa Melayu Talium
Malti Tallju[m]
Nahuatl Talio
Nederlands Thallium
norsk Thallium
Occitan Talli
ирон Таллий
polski Tal
português Tálio
Runasimi Thalyu
română Taliu
русский Таллий
slovenčina Thallium
slovenščina Talij
Samoan Talimi
Samogitian Talis
shqip Talium, ²Thalliumi
српски Талијум
Southern Sotho Talliamo
svenska Tallium
Kiswahili Tali
தமிழ் தல்லியம்
Tajik Таллий
ไทย แทลเลียม
Türkçe Talyum
ئۇيغۇرچە تاللىي
українська Талій
o‘zbek Talliy
Tiếng Việt Tali
Võro Tallium
中文

História

Descoberto em
1861
Descoberto por
Sir William Crookes
Descoberto em
England
Palavra de Origem
From the Greek word "thallos" meaning "green twig" or green shoot